The Rectangular Band

잠실운동장 일대 도시재생 국제공모전 출품작_2015. 08 / 공동작업: 김병찬 (한국예술종합학교)

 

Title: The Rectangular Band

– Platform(+)City as Global and Local Agglomeration of Contact Communities –

 

04

Premise – ‘to Preserve the core values’

An Isolated Landmark Behind the Times
Located on the Southern bank of the Han River in Seoul, Jamsil Sports Complex is the largest public open space composed with a dominant megastructure which represents the prosperity and economic growth of the area in past days. Over the last few decades, the megastructure has become to lose its significance and popularity, serving the public only as much as an out-dated sports facilities can. The stadium is occasionally being visited by certain groups of sport fans and concert visitors, but it has been a while since people started seeing the complex as an isolated and outworn facility that is barely connected to Seoul citizen’s everyday life.

Commemorated
Despite the current condition and reputation of Jamsil Sports Complex, it is important to address how the complex is remembered by most Koreans, let alone the citizens of Seoul. Since its grand opening in 1984, the complex played a key role to improve the nation’s standing in the world; both the Asian Game in 1986 and the Olympics in 1988 were held in Jamsil Sports Complex. As it successfully supported the memorable moments that have become important milestones for the history of South Korea, citizens used to be greatly proud of the complex for a long time. Though outdated and obsolete, Jamsil Sports Complex is still alive and breathing in memory of those who recall its heyday.

Preserving the Core Values
Not only does Jamsil Sports Complex remains as an important historic landmark and reminder for today’s passers-by, the specific layout of stadiums and sports fields within the complex is affirmed valid for today and future use. The most frequently visited facilities including the Indoor Swimming Pool, Students Gymnasium, and the Baseball Stadium are located towards the South and East streets, providing the easier accesses. As opposed to the smaller structures, the Main and Supplementary Stadiums designed for the much larger number of visitors are found on the North West part of the complex. On occasion of events that attract a crowd as large as a hundred thousand, the specific location of two larger stadiums require around 10 minute walk from and to the nearest public transportation stops, which is intended to prevent a sudden rush of the visitors. It is important to investigate the possibilities of Jamsil Sports Complex for its better use in the future as much as to examine its existing values and meanings as an architectural heritage. The new masterplan introduces all existing facilities in their original position with the values and potentials of the site rediscovered.

 

02

Urban Issue – Urbanized Rectangular Band

Implanting New Urban Tissues
Considering the current scale and position of Jamsil Sports Complex within the context of Seoul, the given site can be observed as “a city within a city”. Each individual stadium stands alone as a series of islands, yielding vast in-between spaces around. In a way to revitalize the area and to connect the stadiums, the new master plan proposes a set of urban tissues that will better define the spaces within an around the existing structures. The new urban tissues will grow to an active medium that connects the neighbouring urban fabrics to the inner city structure of Jamsil Sports Complex.

Urbanized Rectangular Band
The border of Jamsil Sports Complex is defined by the Han River on the North, the stream of Tancheon on the West, and two vehicular accesses on the South and the East. The new masterplan aims to designate the area with a rectangular band of a 50-meter width. The stadiums will be connected to each other through urbanization of the band, which eventually expands to the waterfront on the North and West side of the complex. On the North East corner of the rectangle is located an amphitheater that takes an advantage of it geographical condition, on top of where visitors would be given an opportunity to overlook the Han River from an extraordinary point of view. The urbanized rectangular band will effectively bind and connect the varying programs that Jamsil Sports Complex is to accommodate, and it will provide continuing and changing street scape both inwards and outwards.

Architectural Typologies Expanding to the Waterfront
The characteristics and typologies found in architecture inside the rectangular band expand further outside and define landscape features of the waterfront. The consistency in and outside of the rectangle will accentuate a natural flow and a strong tie between the architecture and landscape on the site.

03

 

‘Donggwoldo’ & Conceptual redrawing from ‘Donggwoldo’

01

Architecture Issue – Collective structure of Korean Traditional palace

Space and Structure of Korean Traditional Palace Architecture
The overall layout of Geoungbokgung and Changdeokgung Palaces is ruled by a series of colonnades with a 10 meter width. Though the programs, user groups, and sequence of spaces differ in each building of the palace, the hierarchy between them is rather subtle and indirect with no dominant single structure standing out. Each building is discretely connected to another, adapting to the topographic condition of the site. The buildings take rectangular and orthogonal shapes on a plane ground, while they naturally become irregular in shapes and smaller in modules near slopes or landscape features.

 

Collective way of Colonnades as an Adjustable System
The specific layout of existing structure in Jamsil Sports Complex are comparable to those in a traditional Korean palace. Even though different in times, scales, and purposes, there is a good level of similarity in how individual buildings react to the site. Findings in traditional palaces became good references for the new masterplan of Jamsil Sports Complex especially where the in-between spaces inside the rectangular band need to be given new definitions and programmes. The new Jamsil Sports Compex aims to be adaptable and flexible in order to meet the needs of a wide range of global and local communities, for which the key element in the traditional palace is borrowed, the “colonnades”. It is important to note that the colonnades applied in Jamsil sports complex are
more of an adjustable system that can react to the potential requirements for the spaces, rather than a fixed structure given a physical form.

 

05

Program Issue – Contact Community in Offline

From an “Online Community” to the “Contact Community in Offline”
South Korea has been recognized with its outstanding achievement in information technology and internet connection speed. A great number of online communities are accessed and expanded on an everyday base, where many internet users allow themselves to join or leave the group using different identities. There are numerous blogs and sites online that attract users with a common interest, and it has become natural for people to experience a stronger bond in a virtual community than in the real world outside the screen. The online communities have grown as powerful as they often define and explain the cultural trends and issues of today’s Korean society, and the users actively keep on collecting ideas, supporting opinions, and encouraging certain movements.
Many online communities are joined and run by a group of people who share a certain interest and empathy on specific subjects. The users do not only share opinions and ideas, but they also grow relationships that are close enough to arrange gatherings and continue to bond offline. They often bring their community out from the digital world, generating their own culture. The more individuals find themselves isolated and alone in the real world, the more rapidly the online communities evolve and expand. The closest group of families and friends we used to find in a traditional sense are gradually replaced with those online today, which often leads to varying forms of relationship offline. I suggest a new title for this type of social groups, “Contact Community in Offline”. (Ref. Jong-Ho Lee, ‘Community’, C3 Korea 0505 No.249 p.30-31)

 

Space for The Contact Community
For those who go online repeatedly everyday it may seem natural to meet strangers through online communities. The physical gathering spaces outside the screen would be given a different meaning than they did before the digital era. The Contact community has a tendency to seek for a space that is both public and intimate at the same time. In order to meet the particular yet ever-changing needs and wants of the community, the public space has to become flexible and adjustable as well as it needs to be set in a friendly and humane tone. Accordingly, desired public spaces today are rather broken down to smaller sizes and widely ranging in types. The users need each public space to be somehow connected to one another so that the members of the group would be able to choose whether they could learn of the neighbouring communities and of the spaces between them.

 

Global and Local Agglomeration of Contact Communities
The new master plan proposes the Jamsil Sports Complex to be regenerated as the adequate home and international platform for contact communities whose origins, culture backgrounds, and purposes may vary. The great diversity of communities would be fully appreciated and encouraged here in the complex, which would not be limited in serving a series of scattered events but to constantly attract a wide range of international conferences, exhibitions, and conventions. The energy and dynamics created by multi-cultural contact communities will become the sounding foundation for the sports complex to move forward.

 

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The Rectangular Band as an Open perimeter

The surrounding urban fabrics are going to be throughly connected to inner city blocks of the new Jamsil Sports Complex. As the edge of the site is defined by the rectangular band, the band will function as a connecting medium that invites the passers-by and generates an active flow from one side to another. The existing structures inside the complex are cuddled by the band that acts as an permeable perimeter, which introduces the inner city blocks to the surrounding area and vice versa.

As honouring the memory of the past days and implementing new urban tissues to the site, the new masterplan presents the Jamsil Sports Complex as a public landmark and a cultivating platform where international and local communities gather together. The new Jamsil Sports Complex will not only attract varying levels of international conferences and exhibitions, but it will also friendly support the everyday life of local communities. As there are multiple layers of time and space on the site, users will not just passively consume cultural contents, but they will be encouraged to cultivate cultural contents.

 

08

impression of Tancheon stream

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impression from North-east waterfront

07

impression from main stadium

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