Collaborated with Hyeri, Park (Urbanist)



Regional planing for new low carbon futures in Latrobe City


Energy strategy for new low carbon futures in Latrobe City


저탄소 도시를 향한 라트로베의 과제

라트로베 시의 경제는 갈탄 채집, 화석연료 발전 등 1차 생산업에 의존해 왔다. 이산화탄소 배출률과 그것이 환경에 미치는 영향이 주목받기 시작한지는 이미 오래로, 대부분의 1차 연료산업은 생산 구조와 방법들이 지역환경과 나아가서는 더 큰 범위의 환경을 해치지 않는 방법으로 대체되고 있다. 라트로베 시의 현존하는 발전소 및 탄광등의 시설들이 인근 지역의 인적 자원과 자연자원과 더불어 향후 지역사회를 지원할 더 큰 범위와 의미의 “생산단지”로 거듭나기 위한 다양한 연구와 모색이 필요하다.

Challenge of Latrobe City toward Low Carbon futures

The economy of Latrobe City has been primarily driven by primary industry, natural resources and secondary industry which include brown coal mining, processing and fossil-fuel power generation for the National Electricity Market. However, this type of industrial structure cannot exist in this form, for the great amount of CO2 emission from power stations that use brown coals as resources has been causing greenhouse effect on global level. Therefore, it is necessary to diversify and shift the existing industrial structure of Latrobe City into various industries, which use a wide range of natural and human resources that the region already has.



녹색으로 무장한 도시

해당 사이트는 주변에 지리적으로 산업적으로 고유한 특성을 지닌 몇 개의 단위 지역으로 둘러쌓여 있다. 각 단위 지역들이 재생 및 재활성화를 위해 활용할 수 있는 고유의 가치와 잠재력가 높을 뿐 아니라, 이들을 관통하는 외부순환 도로 또한 주목할 만하다. 개별의 지역이 독립적으로 재생할 수 있는 자원과 에너지를 가지고 있는 동시에 인접한 지역과의 연계 또한 가능하다는 점은 크기와 특성이 다른 여러개의 톱니바퀴가 맞물려 돌아가는 장치에 비유할 수 있는데, 부속 하나의 동력이 인접한 다른 부속을 움직이고 다양한 속도와 에너지가 모여 전체의 추진력을 만드는 그림은 라트로베 시의 미래의 청사진을 제시하기에 충분한 시작점이 되었다. 새로운 라트로베 시는 각 단위 지역군에 현존하는 교통 및 순환계과 자원을 십분 활용하고 재생하는 방법으로 제안될 것이며, 부분의 재생이 전체 지역의 활성화를 이루어 내는 단계와 방향을 제시할 것이다.

Geared Green  _ wheeling, healing, and moving forward

Around the given site is a number of areas that are distinguished from each other by their geographical and industrial features. Not only does the each area show unique characters and strengths for the restoration of the region as a whole, but they also share a fact that a circuit of beltway is going around the sites. Either closely adjacent to the one next, or apart from the rest, each circuit area is found similar to a gear that mesh with another toothed part in order for a machine to generate properly. The small gears become to be bound within a larger circuit that embraces the inner parts and also penetrates varying types of landscape of Latrobe Valley. Those existing circulations that are defined by type of industries, geographical features, or environmental characters, would be restored and regenerated to “Green Gears”. This project finds the existing highway system as a valuable starting point, so that there would be minimum consideration for deconstruction and reconstruction. The new urban structure is mindful of the existing, and determined to be integrated with the existing transportation system. Each and every circuit, the gear, will bring a new urban structure as a whole over the region, which would generate each gear to collaborate with another and to stimulate the environmental friendly growth for the future.



Strategy I _ Four transitions for new Latrobe City

1.       Spatial Transition

Linear transportation system  à  Integrated circular routes system

Compared to the existing local transportation system that can be characterized by its linear and flat connections throughout, the new transportation system will better integrate and combine the neighboring communities. Each region within the Latrobe City will be meshed with each other by circuiting highways, which furthermore will defined the border of the gears and the characters within it.

2.       Energy  Transition

Fossil fuel energy  à  Renewable energy / environmentally friendly use of energy

As opposed to the existing industry which is mostly identified by brown coal mining industry, the prospective industry will be recognized with its diversified sources that produce renewable energy in a higher level of efficiency and sustainability.

3.       Environment  Transition

Contaminated areas à New hubs for eco-friendly and sustainable industry

Former brown coal mining areas will reborn to hubs that serve eco-friendly industry and renewable energy facilities.

4.      Lifestyle Transition

Single community based  à multiple community based

The number of communities that vary in types and sizes are now within an easier reach to one another. With the access improved and new programmes added, the local communities are about to experience more dynamic exchange of ideas and information.



Strategy II. Grouping the circuits (based on the network between industries)

Each gear is grouped with adjacent and relevant gears as parts of a larger group that performs in a regional scale. Each group supports and serves the member circuits inside that work and run closely together by sharing the facilities and energy sources, and financial resources, which enables the “economy of scale”. Below are the brief summaries and explanations on each group that are defined by surrounding transportation circuits.

a. Administration/New Energy Industry /Commercials

-Morwell  into new Morwell center

-Hazelwood Mine into Latrobe Speed

-Hazelwood Power Station area into Energy Park

With the Morwell city as the very center, the core structure of the Latrobe City is going to be restored with a number of major transition projects, which include International Formula E racing tracks and alternative vehicle R&D center. The Formula E will not only bring visitors, tourists, and fans to the site, but it will also become a good opportunity to present the former fossil fuel mining areas restored and actively used. The Formula E will stimulate the future growth of Electric Vehicle industry, which will develop the local economy. The Hazelwood power station and Energy Brix power station will be renovated and restored into an Energy Park complex, which will embrace and present the century long life of energy industry that has survived the region. The energy park will be dedicated to indicate the significance of the fossil fuel industry in the past and the prospective shifts towards the renewable energy industry, via which the area Group A will still remain as the hub for the energy industry in the region.

b. Education/Recreation

-Churchill into Monash University

-Hazelwood pondage into an aquafield and Morwell National park

Churchill will continue to grow as the tertiary educational sector for the Latrobe City, now with the facilities extended and new programmes added. The Monash University will serve the hub for the transition process, and the education and research area will extend outwards. The existing human resources will be better developed in the area, and at the same time the improved programme will attract the students and researchers from around the world. Located close to the Morewell National Park, Churchill has good potentials to become a recreational complex. The Hazelwood Pondage will be restored into an aquafield for varying activities including water sports and aquaculture.

c. Tourism

-Moe as the Historic Center

-Narracan Lake for Leisure

-Yallourn Mine for Land Art   

Group C is oriented to tourism industry. As found to be the gateway from Melbourne to the Latrobe City, Moe is the very first city one would enter. The city will become the hub for representing and embracing the significant history of the area mainly in the Old Gippstwon, the traditional folk village. Visitors who would come for the Narracan Lake recreational area will also find Moe the welcoming place for their stay. As the Yallourn West Mine closes, the area will be discovered with new use for Land Art performances and festivals. Accordingly, there will be multiple aspects and possibilities to attract the tourists to the city, which will enliven the growth of the region.

d. Culture :

-Yallourn North for Residential

–Yallourn East Mine for Publication Industry


- Paper mill

Groupd D builds a solid network between the first(forestry), second(paper mills) and the third(publication) industry. Each industry will run as an independent gear meshed to the toothed part of the next, working together at its own speed and efficiency. This network will bring each and every industry up to a level high enough to compete in an international scale.

e. Medical Service/Energy Generation

-Traralgon for Medical service and energy industry

 – existing medical center into hospitals, an airport, and laboratories

– Loy Yang mine  

Traralgon has already earned a good reputation with its achievement in energy generation via the Loy Yang power station and Australian Securities and Investments Commission(ASIC), and Centrelink and Health services. The local economy has been growing rather strongly and independently as the area serves for the important tertiary industry sector. The existing industry of medical and health care is going to be extended and complemented the new research facilities, so that the city supports the medical and health care industry not only for Latrobe City but also for Gippsland. The Loy Yang coal mine will close, and the power station will be run by natural gas and oil that are produced from the Bass Strait Fields.

f.  Food / Dairy I

-Yinnar for Food Industry

-Boolarra for Dairy and Timber

–Agricultural Pasture for the South

g. Food / Dairy II : Glengarry(Food)

– Toongabbie for Dairy/Timber

– Agricultural Pasture for the North

The existing townships located towards the Northern region of the Latrobe City will continue to cherish their unique identity as rural towns. The current dairy industry, farming in the paster, and forestry that are prospering in the city of Yinnar, Boolarra, Glengarry, and Toongabbie will be maintained throughout the transiting process. Meanwhile, the communities in this area will explore the everyday use of electricity and gas produced from biomass up to the level where the energy use of the town becomes self-sufficient. With the green gear, the access between the towns to the other regions will be significantly improved.



Strategy III _ Time Frame

The new urban development for Latrobe City is divided into three phases. Each phase is represented with; 1.varying ways to change and improve the existing energy industry, 2.building new infrastructure systems, 3.closure of the brown coal mines, and 4.development of circuits in groups.

Phase I (2012 – 2030) Phase II (2031 – 2040) Phase III (2041 – 2050)
Center for the Development Morwell / Churchill Moe Traralgon
Construction of Infrastructure Inner circulation/ cable car line Outer green circulation Extended green circulation
Closure of mine Hazelwood Yallourn Loy Yang
Target Group a,b c,d e,f,g

Phase I _ from 2012 to 2030 (Group  A & B)

With the Morwell city as the center, the core structure of the Latrobe City is going to be restored with a number of major transition projects that include 1.International Formula E racing tracks and accommodations and2.Alternative Energy industry facilities and public parks around. In order to bring the local communities together into the transitional process, the existing transportation system will be improved with introverted circuits as well as encouraging the use of alternative vehicles. Required structures and systems will be provided such as charging station, so that the shift towards green gears is found at the very corner of each and every neighborhood. The southern region afar down from the main highway structure will be reached via electric cable car. Among the major existing fossil fuel industry complexes, the Hazelwood Brown Coal Mine is going to be the first one to be closed and undergo the transition process. The existing power station and accommodating facilities will be renovated and restored in order to serve new programme that supports renewable energy industry with resources such as natural gas, solar and wind power, and algae.


Phase II _ from 2031 to 2040 (Group  C & D)

The second phase focuses on transiting projects that are oriented towards the Eastern and Northern part of the Latrobe City. By the completion of the second phase, the Latrobe city will become better connected to Melbourne as it shares and exchange energy and ideas. With the creative industries newly brought to the area, such as tourism, art and culture, the Eastern and Northern region will be regenerated and well geared for the future growth.

This area reaches further to the neighboring towns and cities in smaller scales via bike trails and tracking paths, the outer green circuits, which run through and around the varying landscape in the region. In order to achieve this creative and green network, the Yallourn Brown Coal Mine will close down, and the power station will be now run by the gas produced from biomass that are collected from the paper mill and agriculture areas closely located.


Phase III _ from 2041 to 2050 (Group E, F, & G)

The city of Traralgon is the hub for transiting process in the Phase III. The existing industry of medical and health care is going to be extended and complemented with new research facilities. The strengths and potentials of the region for the industry will be rejuvenated, as well as the area gradually takes over the Loy Yang power station in order to produce alternative and renewable energies. The Loy Yang coal mine will close, and the power station will be run by natural gas and alternative renewable energy. Traralgon becomes the place where one can find their access to the small towns on hills via extended green circulation.




Design in Site




Publication mine

The Yallourn East mine with the paper mill adjacent will provide a new home for publication industry. The offices and facilities will become a part of the rehabilitation park with the surrounding forest and mills. The exchange rate of goods and information, ideas and products is expected to be at its maximum level, which will result in its notable performance and profit margins. The rehabilitation park is supposed to create a productive energy circle within which the residue and left over energy is to be recycled for other industries.




Morwell new center

By renovating the very center of the town, the city is expected to gradually regenerate as a whole. The Northern and Southern parts of the town is newly connected via a public bridge built over the railway, and the existing city blocks are given new public green space. The historic building typology of hut is reinterpreted and celebrated in the new building complexes. This center becomes a model to represent the anticipated transiting process that the Latrobe City undergoes. Experimental use on varying types of alternative energy will be encouraged in this area.




Latrobe Speedway

The FIA(Federation Internationale de l’Automobile) has announced plans for a brand new motor racing series, designed exclusively for electric cars in August of 2012. The new championship, known as Formula E, is expected to be held first in 2014. As opposed to the Formula 1 which has played a key role for motor vehicle industry to expand their markets with the products known for their high level of CO2 emission, the Latrobe Speed will make an every effort to support electric vehicle industry and to encourage the development of the technology required.




Hazelwood Energy Park

Hazelwood Mine and the power station has played a key role to bring the Latrobe City to the place where it is today as one of the major energy industry hubs in Australia. This area is going to be transformed to an energy park which embraces the significance of the history of the industry and also indicate its vision in the future.





The aquafield will provide coolant for the Hazelwood power station, as well as it collects and recycles the grey water for the tropical fish farm in the aquaculture. The existing water body is going to be occupied by different types of water sports. Selected areas will be nurtured for waterfront recreation area, which will provide amenity facilities for the communities located on the South.




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