DUAL MARKET PLACE, CASABLANCA

Collaborated with Hyun-Bo, Shin

 

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from the school gate

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drawings

 

 

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두 종류의 시장

대부분의 모로칸 도시의 시장은 넓은 공터에 열리거나 혹은 좁은 가로를 따라 열리는 두 가지 종류로 분류할 수 있다. 공터를 무대로 하는 시장은 다양한 진열대와 상품점의 매대가 비교적 넉넉한 공간을 점유하고, 한 켠에서 각종 행사 혹은 공연이 열리는 특성이 있다. 도심의 가로를 따라 발견되는 시장은 광장 시장에 비해 길가에 인접한 상업시설과의 연계가 긴밀하고, 해당 건물의 가게에서 취급하는 상품을 실외까지 가지고 나와 진열하는 것을 통해 가게 안으로 손님을 끌어들이는 경우가 많다. 상점이 늘어선 가로는 대부분 매우 좁거나 이형적으로 이어지기 때문에, 관광객 혹은 방문자의 관심이 상점에서 상점으로 자연스럽게 이동함에 따라 좁은 구불구불한 미로를 따라 탐험하듯 시장거리를 경험하게 된다.

Two types of markets in Morroco

In most of the Moroccan cities, among the features one can easily find are two types of public gathering spaces; market squares & market streets. Market squares provide a large open area for not only the open markets to stand during the week, but they also support a wide range of performances and events. Distinguished from the market squares, market streets serve rather permanent retails where people are constantly invited into interesting selections of goods and showrooms while they explore the narrow winding labyrinth.

 

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두 시장의 공간적 특성

광장형 시장은 넓은 공터와 그 주변을 둘러싸고있는 건물군에 의해 그 영역이 정의되는 반면, 가로형 시장은 소규모 상점들이 구불구불한 골목을 따라 늘어선 형태로 이루어진다. 광장을 무대로 한 시장의 특성을 빈 공간과 채워진 공간의 반복 및 연속, 너비/높이/폭을 지닌 양적 공간을 점유하는 상점의 정렬이라고 한다면, 그에 비해 가로 상가는 비교적 2차원적이고 선형적인 구성에 그 특징이 있다. 각 상점은 독립된 개체로서 깊이와 부피감을 지니기 보다는, 이웃 상점과 진열대가 맞대고 나란히 늘어선 형태에 가깝다. 진열대 뒤로 보이는 실제 가게의 실내 공간은 일련의 통일감 보다는 불규칙한 형태와 모습, 구성으로 시시각각 변하면서 선형으로 뻗어나가는 가로 시장의 배경 역할을 한다.

Spatial characters brought from two types of markets

Market Square and Market Street have very different spatial characters to each other.
A Market Square provides an open space surrounded by buildings at its parameter, within which varying events, either planned or by coincident, happen throughout the day and night. On the other hand, a Market Street is actually a series of small alleys similar to labyrinth, which are full of small shops and stores in many different kinds. The Market Square may be characterized with its volume, void and space, meanwhile the Market Street is more linear and two-dimensional continuity.

 

Walls as a shelter

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In Moroccan architectural history, massive walls have been one of the most key elements in buildings due to the harsh weather. Moroccans adapted to the use of thick walls as a necessary mean to protect themselves from the heat and cold. Also, just as in architecture from any other regions, walls were one of the important elements to divide and define a wide range of spaces within and around a building. Here in the new market place, the walls are to play the key role to present new idea and identity for the neighbourhoods.

 

 A wall as a sustainable device

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Each wall is composed of two types of units made of prefabricated concrete. These units can be used as street furniture such as benches, plant boxes, water basins, and lighting features that can be recycled and reused for any gardens, parks or streets in the future. Also, the units can be easily dismantled and re-assembled in many ways according to the change of local community’s needs. In this aspect, this wall system earns a strong point for its sustainable and re-usable qualities.

 

Reference 

Sonsbeek pavilion

Sonsbeek pavilion, Arhem by Aldo van Eyck

beyeler museum

beyeler foundation museum, Basel by Renzo Piano

 

Market place with & within walls

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The aim of this project is to create a new market place, which has dual characters created by two types of market places in Morocco. In order to achieve this, a parallel wall system is introduced along with the existing wall as it suggests a strong diagonal access to Driss El Jay Avenue. The walls are cut and arranged in a way to serve the Market Square as a social gathering area, and the facilities are located between the two longest walls. Also, each wall is articulated in various heights so that they support a wide spectrum of activities that may be observed in an open market, which includes sitting, leaning, hanging out, over-looking, passing over, strolling, and more. Pavement for the new market place is desinged as a background for walls while giving monotonous atmosphere by using simple pattern. In this way, this wall configuration is designed to convey the two main characters of the traditional Moroccan market in the one system while respecting the strong existence of the Medina as a labyrinth and the Hassan II Mosque as a square.

 

The shared market place

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social area

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markets between walls

The new market place is designed to be a multifunctional public space. During a regular week days, the market place will be occupied by visitors and merchants of the traditional markets. If there is an event held for the local community, the place can become the stage to house the event. Most of the time when there are no special events planned, the market place will serve as a public open space for anyone to come and visit. Children can play their games between the walls after school. Elderly people may find their place to enjoy traditional mint tea while watching the children play. In this way, the new market place will be shared by various groups of local people at all times, and it should and can contribute vitality to the community.

 

Sustainable wall system

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Ornamentation of the Moroccan tradition

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detail drawing _ 1:20

A traditional yet unique roof system is invented for the wall system. Spaces between walls are installed and manipulated with the roof depending on the merchants’ needs. Steel beams are movable along the slits on the walls, and they may be re-mounted at different heights. Traditional wooden plates are put on the steel beams freely and manually, through which they create the authentic and sophisticated atmosphere as that of Medina. Especially, steel beams are carved with traditional and decorative patterns in order to show the distinguished craftsmanship of Moroccan architecture. This pattern grows stronger and denser in the middle of beam, which is achieved by more complex pattern to prevent deflection of beams. Also, reddish plaster is rendered for the upper parts of walls in order to present traditional texture by plaster’s hands while remaining lower part bare as hint of a contemporary wall system. Through these details, the market place might contribute to the existing built environments while making a harmony and respecting traditions of Moroccan architecture.

 

Perspectives

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from the street, Driss El Jay Avenue

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from the western alley

 

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